In this article we answer the popular question “What electrical checks should I do?” We detail the steps you should take when purchasing, using and maintaining your electrical equipment in order to they remain safe and compliant.
Since 2009 fires that have started due to misuse or faults with electrical equipment have risen by one third. Not surprising when you consider just how ingrained the use of technology is now in our daily lives.
The Fire Statistics from 2016/2017 published by the Home Office revealed that the main cause of fires was misuse of equipment or appliances, resulting in approximately 9551 fires. This was closely followed by faulty appliances and leads at 4366 fires!
Fire is devastating and can easily cause your business to sink or at least cripple it for a number of months. The good news is that preventing fire from electrical faults is reasonably straight forward and it does not cost a lot of money to implement control measures.
Electrical safety starts even before you purchase electrical goods for your workplace.
You need to consider what the purpose of the equipment is and the environment in which it is to be used. Electrical equipment has different types of rating. You are probably familiar with power ratings, but there are also IP (ingress protection) ratings which tell you how good the equipment is about preventing ingress of foreign bodies such as dust and how resilient it is to the ingress of moisture. You should always choose an IP rating that is suitable for the environment in which the equipment is to be used. For example, an IP67 rated item is both dust tight and immersible in water. Once you have chosen the equipment you require make sure that it also carries a CE mark before you commit to buy.
Once you have purchased the equipment always read the manufacturer’s instructions.
Then make sure all of your employees have access to them and follow them! Many fires occur because instructions such as clearances to vents or regular cleaning and maintenance schedules have been ignored. There is no excuse for not reading instructions. It is also important to use the manufacturer supplied cables and chargers. There may be cheaper replacements available, but in the grand scheme of things buying sub-standard replacements is a false economy.
Train your staff in electrical safety.
Some good rules for them to implement are:
- Don’t leave appliances charging unsupervised for a long time or for longer than specified by the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Don’t attempt to charge a battery that looks damaged.
- Don’t cover items up when charging as they emit heat. Keep them away from flammable materials.
- Don’t leave large appliances running overnight or when no one is in the building during the day (unless they’re designed to, e.g. a fridge).
- Don’t overload sockets. Remember that outlets, extension leads, and adapters will have a limit to how many amps they can take.
Users should also perform a visual check on equipment before each use. They should also look out for:
- burn marks or stains around plug sockets which suggest overheating.
- frayed or worn cables and wires.
- flickering lights, blown fuses, or circuit-breakers that trip for no apparent reason.
All concerns should be reported for a properly qualified electrician to investigate.
Make sure that regular inspection and maintenance schedules are adhered to.
These regular checks should include ensuring that:
- Equipment that’s used in hazardous environments (e.g. extreme weather, temperatures, or corrosive conditions) is properly protected
- Damaged sections of cable are replaced completely – don’t simply repair them with insulating tape.
- Equipment is fitted with the correctly-rated fuse.
- Proper connectors are used to join cables – don’t use connector blocks wrapped in insulating tape or splice wires by twisting them together.
- Faulty equipment is taken out of use immediately, labelled appropriately so no one uses it and inspected by a competent person.
Finally, make sure that you have RCD’s fitted between electrical items and the electrical supply, particularly on high risk items, so that in the event of a fault occurring the supply is isolated from the equipment instantly.
What The Law Says
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 apply to all electrical systems and equipment. You need to be aware of obvious fire risks that electrical equipment poses and understand what to do to minimise them.
Envesca offer both Level 2 and Level 3 Health and Safety courses, both of which include details on fire and electrical safety.
And remember, Safeguard Gold Members benefit from an additional 15% discount on our training courses!