9 Essential Steps For Successfully Assisting Someone Having A Seizure

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What should I do if someone is having a seizure?


When witnessing someone having a seizure, it can be a disconcerting experience if you are unsure about how to respond effectively.  Here we provide you with valuable information on how to provide appropriate first aid when encountering a seizure. Understanding the appropriate actions to take can help ensure the safety and well-being of the individual experiencing the seizure.

In this blog post, we will cover the essential steps to follow when someone is having a seizure.

Step 1: Stay Calm and Assess the Situation

It’s important to remain calm and composed when you encounter someone having a seizure. Remember, most seizures are not life-threatening and will typically end on their own. Take a moment to assess the situation and ensure the person’s safety. Look around for any potential hazards that may cause harm during the seizure, such as sharp objects, furniture, or stairs.

Step 2: Protect the Individual from Injury

Creating a safe environment is crucial during a seizure. Gently guide the person away from any potential dangers, removing objects or obstacles that could cause harm. If possible, cushion their head with a soft object such as a pillow, cushion, or folded clothing to protect them from injury.

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Step 3: Time the Seizure Duration

Timing the seizure can provide valuable information to medical professionals. Use a watch, phone, or any available means to note the time the seizure begins and how long it lasts. This information can assist healthcare providers in evaluating the seizure episode.

Step 4: Do Not Restrain the Person

During a seizure, it’s vital not to restrain the individual or attempt to stop their movements forcibly. Restraining can potentially cause harm to both you and the person experiencing the seizure. Allow the seizure to run its course while keeping a close eye on their safety.

Step 5: Create a Safe Space

Ensure there is ample space around the person having a seizure. Clear the immediate area of any nearby objects that may pose a risk during the seizure, such as furniture, sharp items, or hot liquids. By creating a safe space, you can help prevent accidental injury.

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Step 6: Stay by Their Side and Offer Reassurance

Remaining present and providing reassurance is essential during a seizure. Speak calmly and softly, letting the person know that you are there to support them. Even if they are not fully conscious, your presence can offer comfort once they regain awareness.

Step 7: Observe and Protect the Airway

While most seizures do not involve choking or respiratory distress, it is crucial to monitor the person’s airway and breathing. If their breathing becomes compromised, gently roll them onto their side (recovery position) to help maintain a clear airway. This position also reduces the risk of aspiration if there is any vomiting or excessive saliva.

Step 8: Seek Medical Assistance When Necessary

In certain situations, it is important to seek medical help. Call emergency services if:

  • The seizure lasts longer than five minutes (status epilepticus).
  • It is the person’s first seizure.
  • The person is injured or in immediate danger.
  • The person is pregnant or has diabetes.
  • The person requests medical assistance.
  • You are uncertain about the appropriate course of action.
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Step 9: Stay Until Help Arrives

Once you have called for medical assistance, it is crucial to stay with the person until professional help arrives. Observe the seizure and provide additional information to the paramedics or healthcare providers, such as the seizure duration and any other pertinent details.


Being prepared is crucial for responding to seizures and ensuring safety. Follow these steps, maintain a calm presence, and consult healthcare professionals for specific concerns. Make a difference in providing effective assistance.

Additionally, educating yourself about seizures and epilepsy is beneficial in promoting understanding and reducing stigma. Organizations such as the Epilepsy Foundation provide valuable resources, training, and support for both individuals with epilepsy and those around them. By increasing awareness and knowledge, you can better support individuals living with epilepsy and contribute to a more inclusive and empathetic society.

Lastly, it’s worth mentioning that some individuals with epilepsy may have personalized seizure management plans or carry medical alert identification. Familiarize yourself with any specific instructions or requirements they may have, as these can play a crucial role in their overall well-being.

By being prepared, staying calm, and taking appropriate steps to ensure safety, you can effectively assist someone experiencing a seizure. Your presence, reassurance, and ability to create a safe environment can make a positive impact during a potentially challenging situation. Remember, while seizures can be distressing, with the right knowledge and support, we can help those affected by epilepsy lead fulfilling lives.

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