What Are The Different Types of Fire Extinguishers Used For?

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What Are The Different Types Of Fire Extinguishers Used For?

One question we are often asked during fire safety training is “What are the different types of fire extinguishers used for?”  In this article, we answer this question and also explain what the different classes of fire are.

The short answer is that is depends upon the type of fire you are dealing with, or to put it more correctly the class of fire.

So, what are the different classes of fire?

The class of fire depends upon the fuel that starts the fire. In the UK there are five recognised classes of fire:

  • A fires caused by organic solids like paper, wood, etc
  • B fires caused by flammable liquids
  • C fires caused by flammable gasses
  • D fires caused by burning metals (e.g. aluminium swarf)
  • F fires caused by fats, such as those used in deep fat fryers
What Are The Different Types Of Fire Extinguisher Used For?

What about Class E fires, aren’t they electrical fires?

Class E does not exist as electricity is a source of ignition rather than a fuel. Once the electricity starts the fire it is the surrounding material that burns, not the electrical current. The first step when fighting a fire caused by electricity is to switch the equipment off. Once the electrical supply has been removed, the fire will then fall into one of the five classes listed above.

Does that mean that I can use a water extinguisher on an electrical fire?

Technically yes, although any water-based extinguishers used on electrical equipment should be dielectrically tested and certified to ensure that you can extinguish the fire safely, even if the power supply is left on. It must be remembered that certain electrical apparatus retain charge for some time after they have been switched off.

Which fire extinguishers can I use for each class of fire?

There are five main types of extinguisher, the list below states the type along with the class of fire they can be used on:

  • Water                                 Class A
  • Foam                                  Class A and B
  • Dry powder                       Class A, B, C and D
  • Carbon dioxide                 Class B (many companies use these on “electrical” fires)
  • Wet chemical                    Class A and F
What Are The Different Types Of Fire Extinguisher Used For?

How can I tell the difference between each type of extinguisher?

All fire extinguishers are now coloured red and you need to look at the label to determine which type of extinguisher it is. The colour coding is as follows:

  • Water                                 Red
  • Foam                                  Cream
  • Dry powder                      Blue
  • Carbon dioxide                Black (only extinguisher with a funnel on the delivery hose)
  • Wet chemical                   Yellow

You can learn more about the different types of fire extinguishers and their uses on our Fire Safety Training Courses.

If you have a question or enquiry about fire safety, please call the team on 01452 502113 or complete our enquiry form.

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